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中共中央 国务院关于营造更好发展环境支持民营企业改革发展的意见
2018-12-28 15:08:18   来源:点击:
新华社北京12月22日电

中共中央 国务院关于营造更好发展环境支持民营企业改革发展的意见

(2019nian12yue4ri)

网络捕鱼大厅  gaigekaifang40duonianlai,minyingqiyezaituidongfazhan、cujinchuangxin、zengjiajiuye、gaishanminshenghekuodakaifangdengfangmianfahuilebuketidaidezuoyong。minyingjingjiyijingchengweiwoguogongyouzhiweizhutiduozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhandezhongyaozuchengbufen。weijinyibujifaminyingqiyehuolihechuangzaoli,chongfenfahuiminyingjingjizaituijingongjicejiegouxinggaige、tuidonggaozhiliangfazhan、jianshexiandaihuajingjitixizhongdezhongyaozuoyong,xianjiuyingzaogenghaofazhanhuanjingzhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhantichuruxiayijian。

  一、总体要求

网络捕鱼大厅  (yi)zhidaosixiang。yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhongquanhuijingshen,shenruluoshixijinpingzongshujizaiminyingqiyezuotanhuishangdezhongyaojianghuajingshen,jianchihewanshanshehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu,jianchi“lianggehaobudongyao”,jianchixinfazhanlinian,jianchiyigongjicejiegouxinggaigeweizhuxian,yingzaoshichanghua、fazhihua、guojihuayingshanghuanjing,baozhangminyingqiyeyifapingdengshiyongziyuanyaosu、gongkaigongpinggongzhengcanyujingzheng、tongdengshoudaofalvbaohu,tuidongminyingqiyegaigechuangxin、zhuanxingshengji、jiankangfazhan,rangminyingjingjichuangxinyuanquanchongfenyongliu,rangminyingqiyechuangzaohuolichongfenbengfa,weishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaohezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengzuochugengdagongxian。

  (er)jibenyuanze。jianchigongpingjingzheng,duigeleishichangzhutiyishitongren,yingzaogongpingjingzhengdeshichanghuanjing、zhengcehuanjing、fazhihuanjing,quebaoquanlipingdeng、jihuipingdeng、guizepingdeng;zunxunshichangguilv,chulihaozhengfuyushichangdeguanxi,qianghuajingzhengzhengcedejichuxingdiwei,zhuzhongcaiyongshichanghuashouduan,tongguoshichangjingzhengshixianqiyeyoushenglietaiheziyuanyouhuapeizhi,cujinshichangzhixuguifan;zhichigaigechuangxin,guliheyindaominyingqiyejiakuaizhuanxingshengji,shenhuagongjicejiegouxinggaige,buduantishengjishuchuangxinnenglihehexinjingzhengli;jiaqiangfazhibaozhang,yifabaohuminyingqiyeheqiyejiadehefaquanyi,tuidongminyingqiyezhulaoshoufaheguijingyingdixian。

  二、优化公平竞争的市场环境

网络捕鱼大厅  (san)jinyibufangkaiminyingqiyeshichangzhunru。shenhua“fangguanfu”gaige,jinyibujingjianshichangzhunruxingzhengshenpishixiang,budeewaiduiminyingqiyeshezhizhunrutiaojian。quanmianluoshifangkuanminyingqiyeshichangzhunrudezhengcecuoshi,chixugenzong、dingqipinggushichangzhunruyouguanzhengceluoshiqingkuang,quanmianpaicha、xitongqingligeleixianxingheyinxingbilei。zaidianli、dianxin、tielu、shiyou、tianranqidengzhongdianxingyehelingyu,fangkaijingzhengxingyewu,jinyibuyinrushichangjingzhengjizhi。zhichiminyingqiyeyicanguxingshikaizhanjichudianxinyunyingyewu,yikongguhuocanguxingshikaizhanfadianpeidianshoudianyewu。zhichiminyingqiyejinruyouqikantankaifa、lianhuahexiaoshoulingyu,jiansheyuanyou、tianranqi、chengpinyouchuyunheguandaoshusongdengjichusheshi。zhichifuhetiaojiandeqiyecanyuyuanyoujinkou、chengpinyouchukou。zaijichusheshi、shehuishiye、jinrongfuwuyedenglingyudafufangkuanshichangzhunru。shangshuxingye、lingyuxiangguanzhinengbumenyaoyanjiuzhidingminyingqiyefenxingye、fenlingyu、fenyewushichangzhunrujutilujinghebanfa,mingqueluxiantuheshijianbiao。

网络捕鱼大厅  (si)shishigongpingtongyideshichangjianguanzhidu。jinyibuguifanshixinlianhechengjieduixiangnarubiaozhunhechengxu,jianliwanshanxinyongxiufujizhiheyiyizhidu,guifanxinyonghechahelianhechengjie。jiaqiangyouhuayingshanghuanjingshejidefaguiguizhangbeianshencha。shenrutuijinbumenlianhe“shuangsuiji、yigongkai”jianguan,tuixingxinyongjianguanhe“hulianwang+jianguan”gaige。xihuamingquexingzhengzhifachengxu,guifanzhifaziyoucailiangquan,yangeguifangongzhengwenmingzhifa。wanshanlongduanxingzhongjieguanlizhidu,qingliqiangzhixingzhongfujiandingpinggu。shenhuayaosushichanghuapeizhitizhijizhigaige,jianquanshichanghuayaosujiagexingchenghechuandaojizhi,baozhangminyingqiyepingdenghuodeziyuanyaosu。

  (wu)qianghuagongpingjingzhengshenchazhidugangxingyueshu。jianchicunliangqinglihezengliangshenchabingzhong,chixuqinglihefeichufangaitongyishichanghegongpingjingzhengdegezhongguidinghezuofa,jiakuaiqingliyuqiyexingzhiguagoudexingyezhunru、zizhibiaozhun、chanyebutiedengguidinghezuofa。tuijinchanyezhengceyouchayihua、xuanzexingxiangpuhuihua、gongnengxingzhuanbian。yangeshenchaxinchutaidezhengcecuoshi,jianliguifanliucheng,yinrudisanfangkaizhanpinggushencha。jianlimianxianggeleishichangzhutideyouweigongpingjingzhengwentidetousujubaohechulihuiyingjizhibingjishixiangshehuigongbuchuliqingkuang。

  (liu)pochuzhaotoubiaoyinxingbilei。duijubeixiangyingzizhitiaojiandeqiye,budeshezhiyuyewunengliwuguandeqiyeguimomenjianhemingxianchaoguozhaobiaoxiangmuyaoqiudeyejimenjiandeng。wanshanzhaotoubiaochengxujianduyuxinxigongshizhidu,duiyifayiguiwanchengdezhaobiao,budeyizhongbiaoqiyexingzhiweiyouduizhaobiaozerenrenjinxingzhuize。

  三、完善精准有效的政策环境

  (qi)jinyibujianqingqiyeshuifeifudan。qieshiluoshigengdaguimojianshuijiangfei,shishihaojiangdizengzhishuishuilv、kuodaxiangshoushuishouyouhuixiaoweiqiyefanwei、jiadayanfafeiyongjiajikouchulidu、jiangdishebaofeilvdengzhengce,shizhixingjiangdiqiyefudan。jianliwanshanjiandujianchaqingdanzhidu,luoshisheqishoufeiqingdanzhidu,qingliweiguisheqishoufei、tanpaishixianghegeleipingbidabiaohuodong,jiadaliduqinglizhengzhidisanfangjieliujianshuijiangfeihonglidengxingwei,jinyibuchangtongjianshuijiangfeizhengcechuandaojizhi,qieshijiangdiminyingqiyechengbenfeiyong。jiyaoyizuiyangedebiaozhunfangfantaobishui,youyaobimianyinweibudangzhengshuiyingxiangqiyezhengchangyunxing。

网络捕鱼大厅  (ba)jianquanyinxingyejinrongjigoufuwuminyingqiyetixi。jinyibutigaojinrongjiegouyujingjijiegoupipeidu,zhichifazhanyizhongxiaoweiminyingqiyeweizhuyaofuwuduixiangdezhongxiaojinrongjigou。shenhualianheshouxinshidian,guliyinxingyuminyingqiyegoujianzhongzhangqiyinqiguanxi。jianquanshouxinjinzhimianzejizhi,zaineibujixiaokaohezhiduzhongluoshiduixiaoweiqiyedaikuanbuliangrongrendejianguanzhengce。qianghuakaohejili,helizengjiaxinyongdaikuan,guliyinxingtiqianzhudongduijieqiyexudaixuqiu,jinyibujiangdiminyinghexiaoweiqiyezongherongzichengben。

  (jiu)wanshanminyingqiyezhijierongzizhichizhidu。wanshangupiaofaxinghezairongzizhidu,tigaominyingqiyeshoufashangshihezairongzishenhexiaolv。jijigulifuhetiaojiandeminyingqiyezaikechuangbanshangshi。shenhuachuangyeban、xinsanbangaige,fuwuminyingqiyechixufazhan。zhichifuwuminyingqiyedequyuxingguquanshichangjianshe。zhichiminyingqiyefaxingzhaiquan,jiangdikezhuanzhaifaxingmenjian。zaiyifaheguideqiantixia,zhichiziguanchanpinhebaoxianzijintongguotouzisimuguquanjijindengfangshijijicanyuminyingqiyeshukun。gulitongguozhaiwuzhongzudengfangshihelihuajiegupiaozhiyafengxian。jijixiyinshehuililiangcanyuminyingqiyezhaizhuangu。

  (shi)jianquanminyingqiyerongzizengxinzhichitixi。tuijinyituogongyingliandepiaoju、dingdandengdongchanzhiyarongzi,gulidisanfangjianligongyinglianzonghefuwupingtai。minyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyeyiyingshouzhangkuanshenqingdanbaorongzide,guojiajiguan、shiyedanweihedaxingqiyedengyingfukuanfangyingdangjishiquerenzhaiquanzhaiwuguanxi。tuidongdizhiyadengjiliuchengjianbianhua、biaozhunhua、guifanhua,jianlitongyidedongchanhequanlidanbaodengjigongshixitong。jijitansuojianliweiyouzhiminyingqiyezengxindexinjizhi,guliyoutiaojiandedifangshelizhongxiaominyingqiyefengxianbuchangjijin,yanjiutuichuminyingqiyezengxinshifanxiangmu。fazhanminyingqiyezhaiquanrongzizhichigongju,yishichanghuafangshizengxinzhichiminyingqiyerongzi。

网络捕鱼大厅  (shiyi)jianliqinglihefangzhituoqianzhangkuanzhangxiaojizhi。gejizhengfu、daxingguoyouqiyeyaoyifalvxingyuminyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyeqiandingdexieyihehetong,budeweibeiminyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyezhenshiyiyuanhuozaiyuedingdefukuanfangshizhiwaiyichengduihuipiaodengxingshiyanzhangfukuanqixian。jiakuaijishizhifukuanxiangyouguanlifa,jianlituoqianzhangkuanwentiyueshuchengjiejizhi,tongguoshenjijianchahexinyongtixijianshe,tigaozhengfubumenheguoyouqiyedetuoqianshixinchengben,duituoqianminyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyekuanxiangdezerenrenyansuwenze。

  四、健全平等保护的法治环境

  (shier)jianquanzhifasifaduiminyingqiyedepingdengbaohujizhi。jiadaduiminyingqiyedexingshibaohulidu,yifachengzhiqinfanminyingqiyetouzizhe、guanlizhehecongyerenyuanhefaquanyideweifafanzuixingwei。tigaosifashenpanhezhixingxiaolv,fangzhiyinsusongtuoyanyingxiangqiyeshengchanjingying。baozhangminyingqiyejiazaixiezhujijianjianchajiguanshenchadiaochashiderenshenhecaichanhefaquanyi。jianquanzhishichanquanqinquanchengfaxingpeichangzhidu,wanshansusongzhengjuguize、zhengjupiluyijizhengjufangaipaichuguize。

  (shisan)baohuminyingqiyeheqiyejiahefacaichan。yangeanzhaofadingchengxucaiquchafeng、kouya、dongjiedengcuoshi,yifayangequfenweifasuode、qitasheancaichanyuhefacaichan,yangequfenqiyefarencaichanyugudonggerencaichan,yangequfensheanrenyuangerencaichanyujiatingchengyuancaichan。chixuzhenbiejiuzhengqinfanminyingqiyeheqiyejiarenshencaichanquandeyuancuoanjian。jianlishezhengfuchanquanjiufenzhilizhangxiaojizhi。

  五、鼓励引导民营企业改革创新

  (shisi)yindaominyingqiyeshenhuagaige。guliyoutiaojiandeminyingqiyejiakuaijianlizhilijiegouheli、gudongxingweiguifan、neibuyueshuyouxiao、yunxinggaoxiaolinghuodexiandaiqiyezhidu,zhongshifahuigongsilvshihefalvguwenzuoyong。guliminyingqiyezhidingguifandegongsizhangcheng,wanshangongsigudonghui、dongshihui、jianshihuidengzhidu,mingquegezizhiquanjiyishiguize。guliminyingqiyewanshanneibujiliyueshujizhi,guifanyouhuayewuliuchenghezuzhijiegou,jianlikexueguifandelaodongyonggong、shourufenpeizhidu,tuidongzhiliang、pinpai、caiwu、yingxiaodengjingxihuaguanli。

网络捕鱼大厅  (shiwu)zhichiminyingqiyejiaqiangchuangxin。guliminyingqiyedulihuoyuyouguanfangmianlianhechengdanguojiageleikeyanxiangmu,canyuguojiazhongdakexuejishuxiangmugongguan,tongguoshishijishugaizaozhuanhuachuangxinchengguo。gejizhengfuzuzhishishikejichuangxin、jishuzhuanhuadengxiangmushi,yaopingdengduidaibutongsuoyouzhiqiye。jiakuaixiangminyingqiyekaifangguojiazhongdakeyanjichusheshihedaxingkeyanyiqi。zaibiaozhunzhiding、fushenguochengzhongbaozhangminyingqiyepingdengcanyu。xitongqingliyuqiyexingzhiguagoudezhichengpingding、jiangxiangshenbao、fulibaozhangdengguiding,changtongkejichuangxinrencaixiangminyingqiyeliudongqudao。zairencaiyinjinzhichizhengcefangmianduiminyingqiyeyishitongren,zhichiminyingqiyeyinjinhaiwaigaocengcirencai。

  (shiliu)guliminyingqiyezhuanxingshengjiyouhuazhongzu。guliminyingqiyeyindizhiyijujiaozhuyejiakuaizhuanxingshengji。youhuaqiyejianbingzhongzushichanghuanjing,zhichiminyingqiyezuoyouzuoqiang,peiyugengduojuyouquanqiujingzhenglideshijieyiliuqiye。zhichiminyingqiyecanyuguoyouqiyegaige。yindaozhongxiaominyingqiyezou“zhuanjingtexin”fazhanzhilu。changtongshichanghuatuichuqudao,wanshanqiyepochanqingsuanhezhongzhengdengfalvzhidu,tigaozhuxiaodengjibianlidu,jinyibuzuohao“jiangshiqiye”chuzhigongzuo。

网络捕鱼大厅  (shiqi)wanshanminyingqiyecanyuguojiazhongdazhanlveshishijizhi。guliminyingqiyejijicanyugongjian“yidaiyilu”、jingjinjixietongfazhan、zhangjiangjingjidaifazhan、zhangjiangsanjiaozhouquyuyitihuafazhan、yuegangaodawanqujianshe、huangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhan、tuijinhainanquanmianshenhuagaigekaifangdengzhongdaguojiazhanlve,jijicanyuxiangcunzhenxingzhanlve。zaizhongdaguihua、zhongdaxiangmu、zhongdagongcheng、zhongdahuodongzhongjijixiyinminyingqiyecanyu。

  六、促进民营企业规范健康发展

网络捕鱼大厅  (shiba)yindaominyingqiyejujinghuishenbanshiye。yingzaoshiganxingbang、shiyebaoguodelianghaoshehuifenwei,gulizhichiminyingqiyexinwupangwuzuoshiye。yindaominyingqiyetigaozhanlveguihuahezhixingnengli,hongyanggongjiangjingshen,tongguojujiaoshiye、zuojingzhuyebuduantishengqiyefazhanzhiliang。dalihongyangaiguojingye、zunjishoufa、jiankufendou、chuangxinfazhan、zhuanzhupinzhi、zhuiqiuzhuoyue、chengxinshouyue、lvxingzeren、yongyudandang、fuwushehuideyouxiuqiyejiajingshen,renzhenzongjieshulixuanchuanyipidianxinganli,fahuishifandaidongzuoyong。

网络捕鱼大厅  (shijiu)tuidongminyingqiyeshoufaheguijingying。minyingqiyeyaozhulaoshoufaheguijingyingdixian,yifajingying、yifazhiqi、yifaweiquan,renzhenlvxinghuanjingbaohu、anquanshengchan、zhigongquanyibaozhangdengzeren。minyingqiyezouchuquyaozunfashoufa、heguijingying,suzaolianghaoxingxiang。

网络捕鱼大厅  (ershi)tuidongminyingqiyejijilvxingshehuizeren。yindaominyingqiyezhongxinyu、shouxinyong、jiangxinyi,zijueqianghuaxinyongguanli,jishijinxingxinxipilu。zhichiminyingqiyefugeminglaoqu、minzudiqu、bianjiangdiqu、pinkundiquhezhongxibu、dongbeidiqutouzixingye,yindaominyingqiyecanyuduikouzhiyuanhebangfugongzuo。guliminyingqiyejijicanyushehuigongyi、cishanshiye。

网络捕鱼大厅  (ershiyi)yindaominyingqiyejiajiankangchengzhang。minyingqiyejiayaojiaqiangziwoxuexi、ziwojiaoyu、ziwotisheng,zhenshizishenshehuixingxiang,reaizuguo、reairenmin、reaizhongguogongchandang,bashoufachengxinzuoweianshenlimingzhiben,jijijianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan。yaojiaqiangduiminyingqiyejiatebieshinianqingyidaiminyingqiyejiadelixiangxinnianjiaoyu,shishinianqingyidaiminyingqiyejiajiankangchengzhangcujinjihua,zhichibangzhuminyingqiyejiashixianshiyexinlaojiaojieheyouxuchuancheng。

  七、构建亲清政商关系

  (ershier)jianliguifanhuajizhihuazhengqigoutongqudao。difanggejidangzhengzhuyaofuzetongzhiyaocaiquduozhongfangshijingchangtingquminyingqiyeyijianhesuqiu,changtongqiyejiatichuyijiansuqiutongdao。gulixingyexiehuishanghui、renmintuantizaichangtongminyingqiyeyuzhengfugoutongdengfangmianfahuijianshexingzuoyong,zhichiyouxiuminyingqiyejiazaiquntuanzuzhizhongjianzhi。

  (ershisan)wanshansheqizhengcezhidinghezhixingjizhi。zhidingshishisheqizhengceshi,yaochongfentingquxiangguanqiyeyijianjianyi。baochizhengcelianxuxingwendingxing,jianquansheqizhengcequanliuchengpingguzhidu,wanshansheqizhengcediaozhengchengxu,genjushijishezhiheliguoduqi,jiqiyeliuchubiyaodeshiyingdiaozhengshijian。zhengcezhixingyaojianchishishiqiushi,bugao“yidaoqie”。

  (ershisi)chuangxinminyingqiyefuwumoshi。jinyibutishengzhengfufuwuyishihenengli,guligejizhengfubianzhizhengwufuwushixiangqingdanbingxiangshehuigongbu。weihushichanggongpingjingzhengzhixu,wanshanxianrukunjingyouzhiqiyedejiuzhujizhi。jianlizhengwufuwu“haochaping”zhidu。wanshanduiminyingqiyequanshengmingzhouqidefuwumoshihefuwuliantiao。

  (ershiwu)jianlizhengfuchengxinlvyuejizhi。gejizhengfuyaorenzhenlvxingzaizhaoshangyinzi、zhengfuyushehuizibenhezuodenghuodongzhongyuminyingqiyeyifaqiandingdegeleihetong。jianlizhengfushixinzerenzhuisuhechengdanjizhi,duiminyingqiyeyinguojialiyi、gonggongliyihuoqitafadingshiyouxuyaogaibianzhengfuchengnuohehetongyuedingershoudaodesunshi,yaoyifayuyibuchang。

  八、组织保障

  (ershiliu)jianlijianquanminyingqiyedangjiangongzuojizhi。jianchidangduizhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhangongzuodelingdao,zengqiang“sigeyishi”,jianding“sigezixin”,zuodao“lianggeweihu”,jiaoyuyindaominyingqiyeheqiyejiayonghudangdelingdao,zhichiqiyedangjiangongzuo。zhidaominyingqiyeshelidangzuzhi,jijitansuochuangxindangjiangongzuofangshi,weiraoxuanchuanguanchedangdeluxianfangzhenzhengce、tuanjieningjuzhigongqunzhong、weihugefanghefaquanyi、jianshexianjinwangluobuyudating、cujinqiyejiankangfazhandengkaizhangongzuo,chongfenfahuidangzuzhidezhandoubaoleizuoyonghedangyuandexianfengmofanzuoyong,nulitishengminyingqiyedangdezuzhihegongzuofugaizhiliang。

网络捕鱼大厅  (ershiqi)wanshanzhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhangongzuojizhi。jianlizhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhandelingdaoxiediaojizhi。jiangzhichiminyingqiyefazhanxiangguanzhibiaonarugaozhiliangfazhanjixiaopingjiatixi。jiaqiangminyingjingjitongjijiancehefenxigongzuo。kaizhanmianxiangminyingqiyejiadezhengcepeixun。

  (ershiba)jianquanyulunyindaoheshifanyinlinggongzuojizhi。jiaqiangyulunyindao,zhudongjianghaominyingqiyeheqiyejiagushi,jianjuedizhi、jishipibochengqingzhiyishehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu、foudingminyingjingjidecuowuyanlun。zaigeleipingxuanbiaozhanghuodongzhong,pingdengduidaiyouxiuminyingqiyeheqiyejia。yanjiuzhichigaigefazhanbiaoganminyingqiyeheminyingjingjishifanchengshi,chongfenfahuishifandaidongzuoyong。

网络捕鱼大厅  gediqugebumenyaochongfenrenshiyingzaogenghaofazhanhuanjingzhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhandezhongyaoxing,qieshibasixianghexingdongtongyidaodangzhongyang、guowuyuandejuecebushushanglai,jiaqiangzuzhilingdao,wanshangongzuojizhi,zhidingjuticuoshi,renzhenzhuahaobenyijiandeguancheluoshi。guojiafazhangaigeweiyaohuitongyouguanbumenshishiduizhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhandezhengceluoshiqingkuangjinxingpinggu,zhongdaqingkuangjishixiangdangzhongyang、guowuyuanbaogao。

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